13 Theses for Religious Pluralism, Dr. Perry Schmidt-Leukel

Thesis 1: In terms of our awareness of religions the world has become
significantly smaller and each country significantly larger.
Thesis 2: Both, the factual presence and the awareness of religious diversity will continue to grow for an unforeseeable length of time.
Thesis 3: The religious challenge of religious diversity emerges from the
necessity to engage with the perception of different messages of salvation and corresponding truth claims.
Thesis 4: For logical reasons there are only four basic options on how to
interpret religious truth claims, and only three of them constitute religious
Thesis 5: Prima facie religious diversity seems to support an atheist/naturalist interpretation of religion.
Thesis 6: Exclusivism is the weakest of all possible options.
Thesis 7. Compared to exclusivism, inclusivism is only half-hearted progress.
Thesis 8: Pluralism avoids the weak points of the two alternative options and represents a worthy alternative to atheism.
Thesis 9: Religious pluralism is not relativism.
Thesis 10: Religious pluralism is not in principle opposition to the actual
Thesis 11: Religious pluralism substantiates a new understanding of theology as ‘interreligious theology’.
Thesis 12: Religious pluralism offers a partial solution of the religious
potential for conflicts.
Thesis 13: On the social and political level the principle of tolerance takes
precedence over religious pluralism.

Modern Church Conference

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Julian Wood http://www.pcnbritain.org.uk/blog/authors/julian_wood


A Unitarian and Quaker, who passionately believes in Christianity’s value

I re-discovered Christian faith through being a member of a 12-step recovery fellowship, and am very interested in the interplay between spirituality and personal growth.

Modern Church Annual Conference 13-16 July 2015, High Leigh:

Seeking the Sacred: Christianity in dialogue with other religions and the world

I thoroughly enjoyed this event. It was my first Modern Church conference, and I was excited about the prospect of meeting many new people interested in Progressive Christianity, as well as engaging with the topic of learning from other faiths.

I refer people to the conference website for more information about the speakers- I am offering my personal response to the conference as a whole. See http://www.modernchurch.org.uk/mc-events/annual-conference/past-conferences/2015.html  for info on the conference, plus recordings of all the main speaker sessions.

There were about 90 people attending the conference. This was great, as I had the opportunity to meet so many new people interested in progressive Christianity, most of whom were not attenders of PCN local groups. The conference is a real community, with Modern Church members coming back year after year. As a result, the event felt like being with a family, and I was made to feel very welcome.

I enjoyed the chats between the sessions as much as the sessions themselves. The conference was a co-operation between the Modern Church and the World Congress of Faiths ( http://www.worldfaiths.org/ ). It felt a very equal partnership, with both organisations (and individuals) keen to learn from each other.

On the first evening, we were treated to a very hands-on exploration of spirituality from Justine Huxley from St Ethelburga’s Centre for Reconciliation and Peace ( https://www.stethelburgas.org/ ). Justine argued that the younger generation want to build a better world, and that religions and dogmas are much less important than action and communication.

The second day started with a discussion on ‘Revelation and Scripture in Abrahamic Faiths’, and much common ground was found between the faiths. The concept of revelation was also explored and questioned.

Dr. Elizabeth Harris then gave us a personal story of her encounter with Thereveda Buddhism during her ten-year stay in Sri Lanka. She reminded us that Buddhism has many forms and that she deeply experienced only one strand of this philosophy and religion.

Dr. Nikki Singh and Rev. John Parry’s Sikh-Christian dialogue was very warmly received. We saw how lived experience of religion leads to deep commitment to a spiritual path, and also to deep respect for other people’s paths and for the communities of faith.

Day Three started with a lecture by Dr. Perry Schmidt-Leukel entitled ‘Religious Pluralism in 13 theses’, which was philosophical and a lesson in the logic of plurality and was very positively received. This lecture was a reminder to me that even though we all shared a passion for Progressive Christianity, what engaged some people at the conference did not engage others. A good reminder that unity does not require conformity!

There were a number of workshops in the afternoon, which helped us get to know each other a bit better. Personally, one thing I would have enjoyed is more opportunities to interact with each other in the sessions. A Hindu-Christian dialogue took place in the late afternoon, but I needed a break so missed this, unfortunately.

The final day brought the faith stories together by looking at the issues that affect all of the world religions. We looked at the role religion plays in the violence and conflict of contemporary society from Dr. Shanthikumar Hettiarachchi. Finally, Harriet Crabtree, Director of the UK Inter-Faith Network, gave us an overview of the development of inter-faith dialogue in the UK in the last 25 years, and then looked ahead to future challenges and opportunities.

Throughout the conference there were plenty of opportunities to worship together. Again, this had a multi-faith emphasis. A body meditation preceded each Morning Prayer, and elements from the different world faiths were threaded into the Anglican worship. I really appreciated the shared worship.

A few personal reflections on the conference:

  • It is inspiring to meet people who are seekers, and open to learning more
  • I felt a lot of gratitude to the clergy who serve (or served) in their local churches, sometimes with great opposition
  • High Leigh is a beautiful and inspiring place to spend time reflecting
  • As the prayer goes, ‘Seek first to understand, rather than to be understood’. This is a real strength of the Modern Church
  • Above all, meeting other people, and building relationships, was key to me

Figure 1 Conference Delegates. Credits: Modern Church, 2015

Figure 2 Art produced in workshop. Credits: Modern Church, 2015


Here are my current thoughts on relationships, including intimate ones:

🙂 My relationship with myself matters most of all

🙂 They are about finding out what love is, rather than just meeting my needs

🙂 All relationships have a lot in common: intimate, friends, family

🙂 For me, I want and need deep connections with people, as that is my nature

:Trust that you can get over what hurts you (you can recover). This makes life less frightening and your own life more of an adventure.